This
is a tentative outline of the material that will be covered
Subjects






I. Introduction and Overview (1.5 Hours)  
A. Thermodynamics B. Compressible Flow C. Units, Pressure and Temperature 
J 1.1 BH 1.31.5 

II. Basic Thermodynamic Concepts (5.5 Hours) 
BH Ch. 12 


A. Systems 


B. Energy and its Transfer by Work and Heat 


C. Equilibrium and Properties (Example: Work as Path Function) 


D. Properties of Substances 


1. Extensive and Intensive Thermodynamic Properties 


2. The State Postulate and State Equations 


3. Ideal/Perfect Gas State Equations (Example: PG State Equations) 


4. Incompressible Substances (Liquids/Solids) 


5. Equilibrium Diagrams
and Saturated
Liquid/Vapor Systems (Two slides per page version) 


E. General Thermodynamic Problem Solving Approach 


III. Mass Conservation (2 Hours) 
BH Ch. 3 


A. Closed Systems (Control Mass Approach) 


B. Open Systems (Control
Volume
Approach) (Two slides per page version) 


1. Control Mass to Control Volume Transformation  
2. Integral Form of Mass Conservation  
3. Examples  
4. Differential Form for Quasi1D Steady Flows  
5. Reynolds Transport Theorem & Conservation of Mometum  
6. Flow Rates and Fluxes  
IV. Energy Conservation: 1^{st} Law of Thermodynamics (4.5 Hours) 
BH Ch. 4 


A. General Statement of the First Law 


B. Closed Systems (Control Mass Approach) 


1. Differential and Integral Forms 


2. Examples 


a. Constant Volume Heating  
b. Constant Pressure Heating  
c. Effect of Friction (Irreversibility)  
d. Latent Heats 


3. Cycles 


C. Open
Systems (Control
Volume Approach) (Two slides/page) 


1. Integral Form  
2. Simplifications  
3. Examples
(including stagnation temperature) (Two slides per page version) 

4. Differential Form for (Quasi) 1D, Steady Flow  
V. Entropy Conservation: 2^{nd} Law of Thermodynamics (5.5 Hours) 
BH Ch. 56 


A. Characteristics of Entropy 


1. First Law Limitations  
2. Entropy and Molecular Chaos  
3. Entropy Production and the 2^{nd} Law for Isolated Systems 


B. Reversible and Irreversible Processes 


C. Entropy Transfer 


D. 2nd Law Development for Closed Systems  
1. Approach Based
on Thermodynamic
Definition of Temperature (Two slides per page version) 


2. Classical
Approach
(Clausius, KelvinPlanck and Carnot) (Two slides per page version) 


3. Isentropic Processes  
E. Entropy State Equations  
1. The Gibbs Equation 


2. Entropy Relations for Ideal (Thermally Perfect) Gases 


a. State Equation  
b. Ts Diagrams  
c. Isentropic Relations  
d. Examples (including stagnation pressure)  
e. Ideal Gas Mixtures  
3. Entropy State Relations for Other Substances 


F. Entropy "Conservation" for Open Systems 


VI. Isentropic Compressible Flows (4.5 Hours) 
J Ch. 2, 3 


A. Wave Propagation in Compressible Substances 


1. Speed of Sound (Two slides/page) 


2. Mach Angle and Mach Number (Two slides/page) 


3. Stagnation Properties and Mach Number (Two slides/page) 


B. Steady, Quasi1D Flow Equations  
C. Steady Isentropic Flow with Area Change (Two slides/page) 


1. Conservations Equations  Mach Relations 


2. Sonic Throat Condition and Choking 


D. Isentropic Nozzle Analysis and Back Pressure (Two slides/page)  
1. Converging Nozzle Analysis 


2. ConvergingDiverging Nozzle Analysis 


VII. Shock Waves (9 hours) 
J Ch. 46 


A. Formation of Shock Waves  Compression 


B. Normal Shock Waves  
1. Mach Number Relations 


2. Moving Normal Shocks (Two slides/page) 


3. Reflected Normal Shocks (Two slides/page) 


4. Normal Shocks in ConvergingDiverging Nozzles 


5. Starting Problem  Supersonic Windtunnels 


C. Oblique Shock Waves 


1. Mach Number Relations (Two slides/page) 


2. Strong, Weak and Detached Shocks (Two slides/page) 


3. Application to Supersonic Inlets (Diffusers) (Two slides/page) 


VIII. Prandtl Meyer Expansions and Compressions (2 hours) (Two slides/page) 
J Ch. 7 


A. Flow Equations  Mach Relations 


B. Maximum Turning Angle 


C. Continuous Expansions and Compressions 


IX. Reflected Waves (2 hours) 
J Ch. 68 


A. Reflections of Compression and Expansion Waves (Two slides/page) 


B. Application to
Under &
Overexpanded Supersonic Nozzles (Two slides/page) 


C. Plug and Aerospike Nozzles (Two slides/page) 


X. Flows with Friction and Heat Transfer (4 hours) 
J Ch. 910 


A. Generalized (1D) Mach Relations (Two slides/page) 


B. Fanno Flow  Adiabatic
Constant Area
Flow with Friction (Two slides/page) 

1. Overview  Thermodynamics Analysis 


2. Flow Equations  Mach Relations 


3. Example  Supersonic Nozzle with Constant Area Duct 


C. Rayleigh Flow  Constant
Area Flow
with Heat Transfer (Two slides/page) 
